A greenhouse is more than just a protective place for plants, it serves to maximize your hydroponic systems and creates a pleasant, calming and productive space for your plants. However, adequate planning and research must be performed first to be able to select the most ideal greenhouse design for your climate.
A greenhouse can be a beautifully lit, green, and well-ventilated space, or it can be one of the plant’s most severe nightmares, hot in summer, cold in winter, moisture build-up or excessive condensation throughout the year. To prevent these issues from surfacing, it is pertinent that you select the correct greenhouse design for your needs.
Why Do Different Climates Require Different Greenhouse Designs?
Every greenhouse is created different – a design that is effective for chilly winters, low sunlight, snowfall, and wind, would not be the best design for a wet, tropical climate with fluctuating light intensity. Different greenhouses are characterized by the level of protection it provides against external elements.
The amount of protect that’s needed depends on the kind of plants that will be produced and the local climate. The aim of building any kind of greenhouse is to find a style that will enable the owner to overcome weather problems in that particular region and get the maximum growth rates possible for their plants.
Understanding the Various Types of Climates
- Dry Tropical or Desert Climates
A good greenhouse design for this kind of intense weather is only a simple tent with poles set into the ground, designed with high-tensile steel cables to create a basic platform. It may also comprise a single wire of insect mesh, extended and fixed around the corners.
This forms an insect-proof structure which allows for adequate air flow to avoid heat accumulation. Inside, the moisture can be increased simply by misting or fogging, which also works to reduce temperatures in order to level well under those of the outside environment. Low humidity levels allow the effective use of evaporative moisture, which is the primary feature of cropping in this kind of dried dry climate.
- Subtropical Desert and Mediterranean Climates
A suitable design is the ‘pad and fan’ cooled plastic greenhouse design with top vents and heating. The pad and cooled system both lower the air and raises humidity as water evaporates when air gets into the greenhouse structure. This generates an ideal environment during dry summer conditions.
Condensation is a major threat to greenhouse crops these in desert climates – droplets falling onto plants produce a level of leaf wetness, which allows yeast and bacterial pathogens to attack, allowing diseases to break out. These situations are hard to control as new attacks can occur every night.
- Temperate Climates
Growers who want year-round high growth rates and optimum yields in temperate climates select greenhouses that have fully clad walls, roof and sides, allowing large air flow areas and computer environmental equipment like the heating units, thermal screens and fogging.
Identifying the kind of outdoor environment you are in, knowing the limiting elements that particular climate imposes on harvest creation and looking for the right kind of greenhouse framework to overcome all those restrictions is what all growers need to do first.
Choosing a greenhouse for your type of climate could be a complicated choice. Rather than getting confused from one website to another, greenhouse builders will help you develop a greenhouse design you can afford and build it for you.